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Turtle Mountain Star
Rolla , North Dakota
June 7, 2021     Turtle Mountain Star
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June 7, 2021

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June 7, 2021 The Star Page 7.. Livestock producers working overtime to prevent cattle heat stress Being proactive is the best way to deal with heat stress in cattle, ac- cording to North Dakota State Uni— versity Extension livestock specialists. To anticipate when heat stress conditions will be developing, ac- tively monitor temperature-and hu- midity forecasts. Extreme temperatures are ex- pected to hit many parts of North Dakota this week, with many cities projected to break record highs. The current outlook for the summer has increased chances for warmer than normal temperatures, increasing the p potential for heat stress in cattle. “If cattle are already experiencing severe heat stress, it may be difficult to help them recover from it,” cau- tions Zac Carlson, Extension beef cat- tle specialist. “Being prepared and implementing an action plan can min- imize the impacts of heat stress on an- imal performance (i.e., reduced feed intake, weight gain, reproductive effi- ciency and milk production) during the upcoming periods of heat and will avoid death losses in severe cases.” Heat stress occurs when cattle are not able to dissipate heat. Mammals have involuntary meth— ods of regulating their internal body temperature, including shivering and sweating to maintain “homeostasis,” or a constant, stable environment, says Gerald Stokka, Extension vet- erinarian. Signs that animals are try- ing to maintain homeostasis include an increased respiration rate, in- creased heart rate and increased pant- ing. While animals are using extra energy', their feed intake declines. Water is an important part of deal- ing with heat stress. For pasture cat— tle, evaluate the conditions of the water supply and ensure plenty of high-quality drinking water is avail— Nathan Davis Governor appoints Davis to key post Gov. Doug Burgum has named a Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa leader as North Dakota’s top Indian Affairs official. Turtle Mountain District 1 Coun- cil Representative Nathan Davis, of Belcourt, will take over as executive director of North Dakota’s Indian Af— fairs Commission by July 1. He succeeds Scott Davis, who had served since 2009 and left April 30 for a job with Sanford Health. The two are not immediate relatives, gov- emor’s spokesman Mike Nowatzki said‘. “It is an honor to serve the gover- nor’s Cabinet as executive director of the Indian Affairs Commission, and I look forward to building on the suc— cesses of Governor Burgum’s Five Strategic Initiatives,” Davis said in a statement. “I am confident that work— ing together with the five tribal na— tions of North Dakota will lead us to great heights for the betterment of tribal nations, North Dakota and all of our future generations.” The governor said Davis “brings the leadership experience and bridge- building skills we need to continue fostering tribal engagement and strengthening our state-tribal rela~ ‘ tionships built on mutual understand- ing and respect.” “His passion for improving the health, education and well—being of the members of the five tribal nations with whom we share geography will serve all of North Dakota’s citizens well,” Burgum said. Davis has been a tribal council member since December 2018. He previously served as community ed— ucation officer for the Special Dia- betes Program for Indians. He also has served on numerous boards, including the board of direc- tors of United Tribes Technical Col— lege, a Bismarck school run by the tribes in North Dakota. Davis’ annual salary will be $98,004. able. The amount of water livestock need depends on the type of animal and stage of production, with re- quirements often doubling during hot weather. The general estimates of daily water intake for beef cattle when the temperature is 90 F are: Cows - 18 gallons for nursing calves; 15.3 gallons for bred dry cows and heifers - Bulls - 20 gallons 0 Growing cattle — 9.5 gallons for a 400-pound animal; 12.7 gallons for a 600-pound animal; 15 gallons for an 800-p0und animal 0 Finishing cattle - 14.3 gallons for a 600-pound animal; 17.4 gallons for an 800—pound animal; 20.6 gal- lons for a 1,000-pound animal; 24 gallons for a 1,200-pound animal Carlson and Stokka recommend producers also take the following steps to protect cattle from heat stress: I 0 Identify animals that are most susceptible to heat stress. They in- clude feedlot animals closest to the market endpoint, very young and very old animals, and those with dark hides. - Develop an action plan to deal with heat stress. 0 Know when to intervene. A combination of factors, including temperatUre and humidity, drives heat stress. An action plan should include the following: 0 Give each animal access to at least 2 inches of linear water trough space in a pen. This means that in a pen with 200 animals, you need to have 400 inches of linear water space. If your cattle have access to only small water troughs, add tem— porary space for additional water ac- cess during the summer. 0 Evaluate your water supply lines and ensure you have sufficient Water pressure and flow capacity to keep troughs full during times of peak water consumption. ' Move the animals’ feeding time to late afternoon or evening. This will allow rumen fermentation to take place during the cooler night temper- atures, and it will increase the cattle’s intends to utilize the North Dakota Edu- cators Service Co- operative (NDESC) for the procurement of 60 Surface Pro bile touchscreen Chromebook labs with 25 touchscreen PUBLIC NOTICE In accordance with the North Dakota Cen- tury Code 15-1-09-34 and 54-44-4-13 regard- ing cooperative purchasing, the Ojibwa Indian School (Belcourt School District #7) Laptops and 8 mo- ' Chromebooks in each lab. Questions may be directed ‘be phone to Angelique Bennett at Ojibwa Indian School at 701-477-3108 or by email at Angelique.Bennett@k12.nd.us. NOTICE OF 2021 Northern Ploins Electric Cooperative ANNUAL MEETING I Norman... cutie-Wm Your Touchstone Energyat Coo rative pe A is warmer MONDAY, JUNE 21 RUGBY HIGH SCHOOL Registration/Meal: 5:00—6:00 pm. Meeting: 6:00 pm. dPLitfiENTARY MEAL B‘i’ GROVE CATERiNG .. GE‘LATG. -TWO $500 LUCK-OF-THE-DRAW SCHOLARSHIPS TO HIGH MEERS if) SERVE ON THE -LEARN ABOUT COOPERATIVE NEWS AND ACTIVITIES. AND CASH DRAWINGS. ‘Find inforn'ioticm ot www.nplains.com or l-800-882-2500 SPEND EAT LocAL. LOCAL. lung capacity during the hotter day- time temperatures. If feeding once daily, consider moving feed delivery until the after- noon. If feeding multiple times daily, consider feeding a small meal in-the morning and a larger portion of the diet later in the afternoon. Decrease the amount of feed offerings during and for several days after heat stress. 0 Provide adequate air movement. Remove unessential wind barriers (portable wind panels, equipment, weeds and other objects) to promote better air movement. Having mounds in pens gives cattle more elevation and possibly access to a microclimate with more wind. 0 Cool the ground and the cattle gradually. Sprinklers cool the ground cattle are lying on as much as they cool the cattle. Set up sprinklers well in advance of anticipated heat stress because cattle take time to adapt to changes. Use the sprinklers during mildly hot days so cattle become ac— - customed to the sights, sounds and the cooling effects of the sprinklers. An alternative to sprinklers is run- ning a hose into pens to wet the ground where cattle will be lying. Run the sprinklers or wet the ground before the day’s peak temperatures. 0 Be aware of the droplet size of water coming from the sprinklers. The goal is to have large droplets of water. A fine mist likely will make the pens even more humid and con- tribute to greater heat stress. 0 Provide shade if possible. - Add light—colored bedding (straw or corn stalks) to reduce the temperature of the ground on which cattle are lying. Apply bedding to the tops of mounds and other areas likely to have wind. Also, wet the bedding before or shortly after putting it out. - Control flies as much as possible PUBLIC NOTICES , A public notice is information informing citizens of government activities that may affect the citizens’ everyday lives. Public notices have been printed in local newspapers, the trusted sources for community information, for more than 200 years. North Dakota newspapers also post public notices that are printed in newspapers on www.ndpublicnotices.com at no additional charge to units of government. ~ . Turtle Mountain Pubc Utilities Commission day. because hot cattle tend to bunch to- gether and flies will add to the stress of hot days. Do not work cattle during tem- perature extremes. If working cattle is absolutely necessary, keep work- ing time as short as possible, use calm-animal—handling techniques to minimize stress related to handling, and consider running smaller groups through the facility or into holding pens. Provide sufficient water in holding pens. Get started as early in the morning as daylight will allow. Do not work in the evening after a heat-stress day; cattle need this time to recover. Reconsider the necessity of working cattle during these peri- ods; postpone or cancel some work- ing events. 0 Pay attention to long- and short- term weather forecasts and have a copy of the temperature-humidity : index chart readily available. Deter- mine the potential risk threshold and p be prepared, even if the risk is sev- , eral index units away. “Also, remember that interven— f tionscausing animals distress or to cool extremely rapidly could have : disastrous consequences,” Stokka? says. ititll‘ciiil Nickolsnn l Ionrlrlitson Attorney at Low R? 5a (9 fl ngCKELSON HENDRICKSON ‘ LAW OFFICE 5.1: 701-955—8009 RACHAEL®RMHLAWOT‘FICE.COM PO BOX 967 ROLLA, ND 58567 WWW.RMHLAWOFFICE.COM non ': Starting At 10:30 All. to ‘I :00 P.M. Fishing Derby : Starting At 12:00 P.M. 3:00 P.M. Boat and Shore Categories -15 yr olds ' Every Youth Goes Home With A Prize mmm MJune $277; (W021 —Lunch Will Be Served-— r V a” i a ’3 ’5' "Numisan minim USAGE! PUBLIC NOTICE Public Utilities’ Director would like to ask all customers to temporarily limit all outdoor‘water usages to help balance demands at the Water Treatment ' Plant, effective immediately! ' The restrictions are due to several reasons, there are always potential undetected water leaks, customers being unconservative during a drought, the recent warm weather temperatures, and very little rainfall. Daily water Y usages at the water treatment have risen to nearly 1.5 million gallons per ' day! Which is considerably higher than the average 1.1 million gallons per Please refrain from watering lawns and gardens, filling pools, washing cars, and letting kids play in sprinklers! This effort will hopefully assist us in making sure all customers will have water at all times. We appreciate the public adjusting their water usages, by doing this we hope we can maintain an adeqUate supply of water for essential uses, and we won't have to implement stricter water use restrictions! TMPUC does apologize for the inconvenience and extend our best Wishes to all the people of the TUrtle Mountains, (especially those most effected up north in the highest pressure zone), as we continue to serve each of you.