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Turtle Mountain Star
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June 21, 2021     Turtle Mountain Star
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June 21, 2021

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Page 4 The Star June 21, 2021 OPINION A normal summer is areal shot in the arm Summary: From development to the tip of the needle, the and distribution is us to Last summer was, as The Buckinghams put it in their 1967 No. 1 hit, of a drag.” The virus walked all over every annual summer tradition, tamp- ing down the fun opportunities. This year different and big part of that has to with vaccinations. Just how effective those shots were playing out in time this sum- mer. Local events are charging forward and people are packing camp- grounds. Nationally, baseball stadiums are at full capacity and things are returning to a new normal. to a medical journal, the three leading are directly related to the of everyone moving up and away from the threat of COVID- 19. While all three of the in use — Pfizer/BioNTech, Ox- ford/AstraZeneca and Modema — had performances in the testing no one was sure what the overall effectiveness rate would be in real- settings. Now, a year later, Yale University study found cine 86 to 90 percent effective. For comparison’s sake, the popular flu shot has effectiveness of 40 60 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). That’s incredible given the common flu has been around for centuries COVID—19 made its around 18 months ago. . How did it happen so fast? Work started immediately and the funding was enormous. The critical trials of the vaccine started just six months into the research instead of the typical two-year wait. In addition, and this was a big risk, the vaccine was mass produced before the studies were completed in order to save time. ’ With the delivered, all that was left were the shots and we were lucky enough that Rolette County Public Health had backs... and arms. As reported on Page] of this week’s Star, the agency is No. 1 in the state when it comes to vaccinating kids and No. 4 overall. The depart- ment is relatively small compared to the population, but dedicated and hard-working. They gave COVID-l9 their best shots and that’s sped up the return of normalcy. How to Contact your North Dakota delega Sen. John Hoeven j G11 Dirksen Senate Office Building Washington, D.C. 20510 Phone: 202-224—2551 tion Sen. Kevin Cramer B40C Dirksen Senate Office Building Washington, DC 20510 1 Phone: 202-224-2043 Rep. Kelly Armstrong 1004 Longworth HOB Washington, DC 20515 (202) 225-2611 THE. SClENCE' SAYS YOU SHOULD GET VACCINATED. me scenes, save it: ‘IOU RE VACClNATED. . YOU DON’T NEED U- _ a: College enrollments continue to decline Other Views According to the National Student Clearinghouse, enrollment in higher education institutions continue to de- cline, dropping 5% this spring. The 5% represents 725,000 fewer stu- dents. According to the National Center of Educational Statistics, the average number of students for faculty member is 16. There isn’t an institu- tion in North Dakota with that low of a student: faculty ratio. If the figures have any credibility, the 725,000 student drop represents large number of faculty salaries no longer flowing through local economies. Small College Salaries Faculty salaries are disproportion— ately more important in the small lege cities than in the business communities of the two research uni- versity cities. North Dakota has been using a va- riety of strategies to maintain or in- crease the number of students. The major strategy has been en- couraging out-of-state students to come to North Dakota. This has proved especially successful for-the two top institutions, both of which have a majority of their students from out-of-state or out-of—country. While some legislators think this is extending charity North Dakota taxpayer expense, keeping a full body of students accrues all sorts of benefits to the institutions and busi— By Lloyd B. Or‘ndahl ness communities ND Hits Skids. - According to a report by Elissa Nadwomy of National Public Radio, the downward enrollment trend started in 2012 nationally, the same year North Dakota hit the skids. Up this time, North Dakota has been able to finesse the decline with— out significant disruption of the flow of education in the institutions. But bad days are ahead. The number of faculty members needed to teach ' 10,000 fewer stu— dents will be cut. If the decline con— tinues nationally, the job market will soon be filled with PhDs released from educational institutions. There isn’t anything about North Dakota’s institutions that suggest the state will be exempt from the national trend. Career Academy Impacts We need to consider one caveat. The $70 million program for “career academies" created by the recent leg- islative session 'should draw new bodies into ‘new post-high school in- stitutions. That will fill known gap the state’s educational system and it will also attract present students from the universities who would rather be learning technical skills. With 11 institutions fighting for expansion or survival, every institu- tion has tried to add disciplines to justify the present or larger faculties. In the upcoming belt—tightening, many of these majors Will fail to at— tract enough students to justify high faculty salaries. With too many institutions run- ning too many programs for too few students, we can be assured that in- stitutional competition will mark the declining days. Online No Solution Every institution has a cheering section of alumni, business— men. In the war among the “North Dakota 11” the political pressure will be forrnidable‘when any allocation of resources is taking place at the state level. While some hope that online courses will take the pressure off of downsizing, they have limitations. Some courses can be taught effec— tively on line; others cannot. Real life experiences of campus life will be lost. Some faculty can teach online; some cannot. Some students want to get at'l’east 75 miles out of town but they will “onlirie” in their homes.‘ . ‘ I must be transparent. I acquired all of my high school education by correspondence which isn’t too dif- ferent from chained to a com- puter. My development suffered. I never did catch up. To regulate in the last resOrt Does Congress, under the Time, Place and Manner Clause of the Con- stitution, possess authority to “alter” or otherwise override state laws govem- ing the conduct of congressional elec— tions? That is the central constitutional question at the heart of the heated po- litical debate surrounding HR. 1 — the “For the People Act” — which will de- termine whether Congress protect Americans’ voting rights that have been, or will be, restricted by the pas- sage of some 60 state laws across our nation. What were the framers of the Con- stitution thinking when they wrote the Time, Place and Manner Clause? Arti— cle 1, Section 4, Clause 1 of the Con- stitution states: “The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Sena- tors and Representatives, shall be scribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regu- except to the Places of chus— ing Senators.” Alexander Hamilton, author of Fed- eralist No. 59, explained the views, val- ues and conclusions of his fellow delegates to the Constitutional Con— vention, when he stated that Congress has the constitutional authority “to reg— David Adler. The Alturas institute David/idler, answers your Constitution questions. Send them to (his newspaper. ulate in the last resort the election of its own members.” He observed that in the entire Constitution, there is nothing “more completely defensible” than this of power, since “every gov- emment ought to contain in itself the means of its own preservation.” The theme of “self preservation” was invoked again and again by the framers of the Constitution, and by those who approved it in the various state ratifying conventions. The con- cept of an “exclusive” state authority to regulate congressional elections, Hamilton explained, “would leave the existence of the Union entirely at their mercy.” State legislatures, he observed, could “annihilate” it by neglecting to provide for elections. James Madison, Father of the Con- stitution, shared Hamilton’s deepest concerns. He told the Constitutional Convention that he feared “uncon- trolled” state authority to regulate elec— tions. He warned that it was “impossible to foresee all the abuses that might be made of the discretionary power.” State legislatures might make arbitrary, manipulative decisions based purely partisan interests. James Wilson, second in impor- tance to Madison as architect of the Constitution, was full agreement and echoed Hamilton’s fear that “some states might make no regulations” on elections, threatening the very exis- tenceof Congress and the dissolution of the Union. 'Chief Justice Thomas McKean of Pennsylvania, stirred additional fears when he addressed colleagues the Pennsylvania State Ratifying Conven- tion. Congress, he stated, cannot be de- prived of its authority to regulate elections since that would deny its au— thority to be “the judges of the elec- tions, returns and qualifications of its own members Uncontrolled state au- thority, moreover, might be exercised to annul an “annual Congress,” and de- , Regulate (Continued on Page 5) A girls’ trip to remember and business flexibility As the father of three girls, I kind of re- late to the two Utah sisters who decided their own to take a vacation. The 9- and 4—year~old siblings set out before- dawn earlier this month with California beaches in their sights. Unfortunately, the 9-year-old was driving, and things didn’t as planned. Just several miles away from home, the littledriver veered into oncoming traffic, slamming into semi- truck. Both girls were wearing seatbelts,‘ and no one was hurt. Their parents were unaware of the joyride until police called them after the ac- cident. “I guess they were intending to start their summer vacation little early,” remarked West Valley police spokesperson Roxeanne Vainuku. Lt. Sean McCarthy added, “I don’t know way” to California. .1 ' i that we’ll tell them they were going the wrong Wrong way or no way, I don’t think the par- ents were as calm about that day trip as that po— lice officer. Thankfully, the only thing my young daughters drove was their mother crazy. From little girls to big girls and a story from north of the border where small businesses have had to be creative in the wake of the pan— demic, as demonstrated by Club Pro Adult En— tertainment in Toronto, Ontario. The Toronto Sun newspaper reported that shutdowns nearly destroyed the strip club — until owner Teresa Marciano and her staff came up with another idea. “Since we couldn’t operate as a restaurant, the only thing we wanted do was something outdoors,” Marciano said. “Most of our staff and managers love golf, so we tried to marry both industries together.” The new venture, Stiff Shafts, turns the for; mer club’s parking lot into driving range where golfers can aim their shots at caricatures of prominent politicians. Bartenders and wait staff will return to pro- vide food and drink to customers, and the dancers, will be caddies. The adapted venture was scheduled to re-open on June 14. Some— thing me they’ll survive and thrive. Pages from the past... June 20, 2011 10 years ago The 36th Annual International Old-Time Fiddle Contest was held at the International Peace Garden. Area winners were Mike Page of Belcourt, who was the Senior Division cham- pion, and Gabe Brien, of‘Belcourt, who captured the Junior Division championship. ' Nathan joraanstad, son of Myron and Toni Broderick, Rolla, and the , late Joel Joraanstad, received the North Dakota State University Pres— idential Scholarship, Which totals $12,000 over four years. The 2011 John T. Munro Club Tournament was held at the Rolla Country Club last week; The cham- pionship division came down to a playoff, and in the end, Nevin Gillis was crowned the champion after carding a 73. June 24, 1991 30 years ago The Leukemia Society raised $418.50 in its residential campaign in Rolla. The drive was chaired by Debby Allery who was assisted by the Rolla Future Homemakers of America (FHA) chapter. Sally Mick— elson and Heidi Festvog headed the FHA committee. Pat DeMers of Dunseith has been elected presidents of the American Lung Association of North Dakota for 1991-92. . Michael Arvidson of Rolla has been placed the spring quarter President’s List at Moorhead Techni- cal College. VanNessa Straub, the newly- crowned Miss North Dakota 1991, made her first appearance recently to award Tiffany Hinderer of Williston, the North Dakota Diabetes Poster Child, chepk for $1,754. The dona- tion was the first every charitable project of the Miss North Dakota Scholarship Pageant. The yard of Joanne and Bill Jun- at 201 Avenue SE. was the “Yard of the Week” winner Rona. at... 'grifz‘rfg'm‘ 2.”; 1'- Peggy Carlson df'PLC Photdg‘riii phy, Rock Lake, recently completed a course, Portrait Photography I, at Winona International School of Pro- fessional Photography in Mount Prospect, Illinois. ' Rolla native Beverly (Marchand) Barbour was one of five women pre- sented with Pacesetter awards by the Roundtable for Women in Foodser- vice, Inc. Brad Boyum tossed a three-hit shut out to the Rolla American Legion baseball team over Rolette 1- O in Rolla. The team of Monte and Corenne McAtee and Alex Albert fired par 36 to claim first place in the Rolla Country Club Mixed Scramble in Rolla. Ross Lagasse claimed sixth place in the 13- and 14-year-old division of the 1,600 meter run at the North Dakota State Hershey Track and Field Meet recently held in Bis- marck. Justin Parisien of Hazen placed fifth in the USA Freestyle Northern Plains Wrestling Tournament held re- cently in Bismarck. June 22, 1961 60 years ago All roads “will lead to Rugby” this weekend as the Pierce county Diamond Jubilee will be observed there. The fairgrounds will be the scene of the fourth annual Rolla Horse Show sponsored by the Turtle Mountain Trail Riders. The Province of Manitoba went all out in its gesture of friendship to citizens south of the border, celebrat- ing the Dakota Territory Centennial at the Peace Garden. Feature of ceremonies was the presentation by Manitoba of a Dakota Territory Cen- tennial Plaque. Quite a few from this and sur- rounding communities motored to Hinsdale, MT, over last weekend to attend the golden anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Nelson. The Rolla Junior Legion team re- mained undefeated in Monte Woods League (east half) play by downing two rugged opponents, Cando and Bottineau. The Mylo independent baseball team won pair of league victories and thus took the top spot in the standings. Mylo topped Willow City in a game Tuesday, with five home runs providing the punch needed for victory. Don Ostenson and Jim Gailfus each smashed two round—tippers and Mongeon got one. The Mylo nine dumped Cando, 8 to 2. Jim Howson was the winning pitcher.