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October 11, 2021     Turtle Mountain Star
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October 11, 2021
 

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October 11, 2021 ..c...-. mmmwwwwwnwmvtwwir~ vr'w"r~—v.—<»-. ._.. -.. The Star Page 5 tion. To many scholars, the duty of preserving the court’s reputation, and thus its prestige, explains why, until recent decades, and with few excep— tions, the Justices have moved cau- tiously, taking incremental steps in its interpretation of the Constitution, rather than resorting to leaps and bounds in reshaping and overturning precedents. Historically, the court has been reluctant to lead the nation. Exceptions to this rule of behav- ior can be found, of course, as in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, in which the court overturned a 60—year-old precedent and held that segregation in public schools is un- constitutional. And in Engel v. Vitale (1962), when the court held that school-led prayer in public schools violates the Establishment Clause separation of church and state. And, perhaps more famously, in Roe v. Wade (1973), in which the court up- held a woman’s right to abortion. The courts’ wariness in taking bold steps reflects unhappy historical moments. For example, its ruling in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857), that the Constitution did not include American citizenship for African— Americans, backfired, and the court’s reputation was badly damaged, ren- dering it vulnerable‘to political at- tacks by Congress, for roughly 25 years. For the court to lead the nation, and convince the citizenry that it is interpreting the Constitution in a manner free of political motives, it must be able to muster persuasive reasoning to defend its holdings and those days who were going to get groceries and had no reason to not stop, or knew we were set up so came to town to get groceries and get their vaccines.” In addition to getting adults and teens vaccinated, another health-re- ‘ lated question pressing in the area is “when children ages 5-11 will be e1- igible for the COVID-19 vaccine?” , Henderson indicated those want- ing to get their kids vaccinated could have the opportunity sOoner rather than later. “I am- really hoping by November 1 we will be able to start vaccinating those five and older,” Henderson Privacy (Continued from Page 4) then rely on millions of supporters, and thousands of low-level govem- mental officials to embrace and en- force its rulings. The court, as Alexander Hamilton emphasized in Federalist No. 78, lacks the power to enforce its decisions. As a conse- quence, disregard of the court’s rul- ings undercuts its reputation and thus its power. A felt need among the Justices to protect and nurture its authority, con= tributes to a narrative of 'caution,"‘““‘ rather than bold moves. This sense of restraint judicial self-restraint — encourages the court to uphold prece— dent for the purpose of ensuring sta— bility and continuity in the law. Frequent rulings that overturn prece- dents, especially those that protect the rights of the Citizenry, have a jar- ring impact on the confidence of the public in the status of their constitu- tional liberties. . It is for these reasons that the court’s new term, filled with block- buster cases, will be closely watched. Judicial observers will scrutinize the court’s rulings in forthcoming cases that, among others, may eliminate a woman’s right to an abortion, expand gun rights beyond precedents, and Shots (Continued from Page 1) said, who added approval will de- pend on when the Food and Drug Administration gives approval for the Pfizer vaccine. [All of this has been going on while RCPH officials transition into a new building. Henderson said every- one at RCPH’is thankful of the pub- lic as the move is being made. “We are very appreciative to the community for being patient. We have attempted business in other ways as we are moving. We have tried to have more ‘drive through’ and ‘walk-up’ clinics with the RV and as in years past we are going to businesses to offer flu and Pfizer "iii Numbers. .. (Continued from Page-.1) Just as a comparison, Stutsman County, which is home to Jamestown, had 108 active cases while Ramsey County, including Devils Lake, had 57 active cases as of last Friday. . The increased spread of the virus has started creeping into local school districts. Rolette Superintendent Wade Sherwin said 14 high school students were not in the building at the end of last week after being deemed close contacts. Sherwin indicated the school had two confirmed cases last week, one in the elementary and another in the high school. Sherwin added the ele— mentary was spared from dealing with close contacts because the stu— dent had not been in the building when the positive test occurred. Officials in St. John confirmed two cases involving students and an- other involving a staff member last i week. . As of last Friday officials in Rolla said there had not yet been a con- firmed case of the virus in the school. Officials from Dunseith and Tur- tle Mountain were unavailable for comment. Several trends across the state re- veal troubling data regarding the virus. The 14-day rolling positivity average has climbed to 8.1 percent, which was nearly a full percent higher than a week ago. , Active cases across the state in- creased by 151 and were being driven by unvaccinated individuals. According to information provided by the N .D. Department of. Public Health, of the 4,325 cases last week, 3,228 were in individuals who were AA Meetings Tuesdays 7 p.m. at Our Savior’s Lutheran Church 609 9th Ave NE, Rolla not fully vaccinated. The numbers involving unvacci— nated individuals hospitalized with the virus were even starker. A total of 184 individuals were in a hospital across the state last week with 141 of them not fully vaccinated. There were also 24 deaths from the virus last week, including one in Rolette County. What Is Lifeline? perhaps chip away at the wall sepa- rating church and state. The current, low public approval rating of the court threatens the court’s role as chief interpreter of the Constitutibn and raises the concern that controversial rulings may not be perceived as legitimate by the Amer— ican people which, again, would threaten the court’s stature and thus its power. In these circumstances, the court could hardly lay claim to any “moral authority, despite efforts to characterize it as “the conscience of the nation.” Guardians of the court’s institu- tional integrity, the Justices them- selves bear the primary responsibility, through their written opinions, of reassuring the citizenry that they are above the political fray. Adler is president of The Alturas Institute, created to advance Ameri- can Democracy through promotion of the Constitution, civic education, equal protection and gender equality. Send questions about the Constitu- tion to Dr. Adler at NDWTPCol— umn@gmail.com and he will attempt to answer them in subsequent columns. boosters,” Henderson said. “We are attempting to continue to serve as many as we can during this busy time but just the community having pa- tience with us and allowing some extra time has helped.” Henderson concluded by saying the move to a new building could be finished as soon as this week, de- pending on the completion of a few last minute projects. The best ways to managean inherited IRAfro aparent ~ . Dear Savvy Senior, What are the rules regarding in- herited IRAs? ‘ When my mom died this year, I inherited her traditional IRA and would like to know what I need to do to execute it properly. Confused Daughter Dear Confused, I’m very sorry abdut the loss of you mother. Inheriting an IRA from a parent has a unique set of rules you ’ need to know, which will help you make the most of the money you in- herit and avoid a tax-time surprise. Here are some basics you should know. Set-Up Inherited Account Many people think they can roll an inherited IRA into their own IRA. But if you inherit an IRA from a par- ‘ ent, aunt, uncle, sibling or friend you cannot roll the account into your own IRA or treat the IRA as your own. In— stead, you’ll have to transfer your portion of the assets into a new IRA set up and formally named as an in— herited IRA for example, (name of deceased owner) for the benefit of (your name). If your mom’s IRA account has multiple beneficiaries, ‘it can be split into separate accounts for each ben— - eficiary. Splitting an account allows each, beneficiary to treat their own inher- ited portion as if they were the sole beneficiary. ’ You can set up an inherited IRA with most any bank or brokerage firm. However, the easiest option may be to open your inherited IRA with the firm that held your mom’s account. 10-Year Withdrawal Rule Due to the Secure Act, which was signed into law in December 2019, most (but not all) IRA beneficiaries must deplete an inherited IRA within Temanson Law Firm ,,PaulTernanson .°, Lawyer 701-888-8766 or (701) 240-01199,- www.TemansonLaw.com . VOLUNTEER “DRIVER” Volunteer Drivers Needed for delivering senior meals Monday through Friday. . Delivery takes one hOur. Volunteer for one a week or one day a month, whatever Works for you! — Contact Gordon at 550-9884 or Becky at 477-3096. Government assistance program for eligible individuals Non-transferable discount on'telephone or eligible broadband service Limited to one discount per household To learn more, call or visit utma.com. Langdon ' 701.256.5156 I Bottineau 701.228.1101 l Rolla 701.477.1101 utma.com l United and Yurllr Mountain Communications are LIlelme-Subpotled semccs. Some restrictions apply. Not all sorvnm available in all areas. This instiluhon l5 an equal opporlumly provider and employer UNITED MTURTLE mouu'mm COMMUNICATIONS By Jim Miller 10 years of the'account owner’s death. . This applies to inherited'IRAs if the owner died after Dec. 31, 2019. There’s no limit on when or how ' often you withdraw money from the account, as long as the account is empty by the end of the 10 years. That is, you can choose to with- draw all of the money at once, you ‘ can leave it sitting there for a decade and then take it all out, or you can withdraw distributions over time. But be aware that With a traditional IRA, each withdrawal will be counted as income and subject to taxes in the year you make the with- drawal. Exceptions to the Rule There are several exceptions to the IRA 10-year rule, including for a surviving spouse, minor child, dis— abled or chronically ill beneficiary, or a beneficiary who is within 10 years of age of the original IRA owner. These beneficiaries may be able to receive more time to draw down the account and pay the resulting tax bill. For example, when you inherit an IRA from a spouse, you can transfer the IRA balance into your own ac- count and delay distributions until after you turn age 72. , Minor children must start re- quired minimum distributions from an inherited IRAibut don’t become subject to the 10—year rule until they reach the “age of majority,” which is 18 in most states. Disabled and chronically ill bene— ficiaries, and‘ those within 10 years of age of the original account owner have the option to stretch required withdrawals 'over their lifetime. Minimize Your Tax‘es As tempting as it might be to cash out an inherited IRA in a lump-sum withdrawal, tread carefully. This op- tion could leave you owing a hefty sum when it’s time to file your taxes. Withdrawals from a traditional IRA generally are taxable as income, at your income tax rate. For some people, it can be a smart tax move to gradually draw down the account over the 10-year period to avoid a large tax'bill in a single year and potentially being bumped into a high tax bracket. Or, if you’re approaching retire- ment, say in five years, you may want to wait to start withdrawing from the account until you are re- tired, and your income drops poten- tially putting you into a lower tax bracket. Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, PO. Box 5443, Nor- man, OK 73070, 'or visit SavvySe- nior.org. Jim Miller is a contributor to the NBC Today show and author of “The Savvy Senior” book. BIsBEE MAKING MORE POSSIBLE '“aturday October 23 Bisbee Hall 5; 10 a.m.» to 4 p.m. goalisandra mane-'69 xi for more information; 477-351 -1 973 3D mammogram today. Enjoy more tomorrows. Schedule yours. Call 701-857-2640. One woman in eight will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. At Trinity Health, we’re making more possible to ensure more women are survivors. Our 30 mammography screenings are the very latest ' in detecting cancer earlier while delivering a more comfortable experience. Whether you have a family history or not, having a mammogram can save your life. To schedule your 3D mammogram, call 701-857-2640. Learn more at trinityhealth.org/mamrho.