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Turtle Mountain Star
Rolla , North Dakota
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October 20, 2014     Turtle Mountain Star
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October 20, 2014
 

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October 20, 2014 The Star Page 7 There will be ; }r 5i C or Treating in the City of Dunseith from the hours of ii; i 5 p.m. to 6 p.m. .... ..... Friday, October 31 The hours of Trick or Treating will be STRICTLY ENFORCED !i by order of DUNSEITH CiTY COUNCIL. A fun day to play Dunseith Elementary School students enjoyed the tire swing on their playground Wednesday. Temperatures hit the high 60s to make it a delightful fall day. (Photo by John Rosinski) I-lands-free devices popular while driving, but increase distraction With three out of four drivers be- lieving that hands-flee technology is safe to use, Americans may be sur- prised to learn that these popular new vehicle features may actually in- crease mental distraction, according to new research by the AAA Foun- dation for Traffic Safety. The results, which build on the first phase of the Foundation's re- search conducted last year, suggest the rate of distraction. Systems with low accuracy and reliability gener- ated a high level (category 3) of dis- traction. Composing text messages and emails using in-vehicle technologies (category 3) was more distracting than using these systems to listen to messages (category 2). The quality of the systems' voice had no impact on distraction levels - that developers can improve the listening to a natural or synthetic safetyof thmr products by making vmce both rated as a category 2 level -- ess plicate, nlore: aceu- of distraction. rate and generally easier to use -' a point AAA hopes to use in working with manufacturers to make hands- free technologies as safe as possible for consumers. While manufacturers continue their efforts to develop and refine systems that reduce distrac- tions, AAA encourages drivers to minimize cognitive distraction by limiting theuse of most voice-based technologies. "We already know that drivers can miss stop signs, pedestrians and other cars while using voice tech- nologies because their minds are not fully focused on the road ahead," said Bob Darbetnet, chief executive officer of AAA. "We now understand that current shortcomings in these products, intended as safety features, may unintentionally cause greater levels of cognitive distraction." Using instrumented test vehicles, heart-rate monitors and other equip- ment designed to measure reaction times, Dr. David Strayer and re- searchers from the University of Utah evaluated and ranked common voice-activated interactions based on the level of cognitive distraction gen- erated. The team used a five-category rating system, which they created in 2013, similar to that used for hurri- canes. The results show: The accuracy of voice recogni- tion software significantly influences The study also separately as- sessed Apple's Siri (version iOS 7) using insight obtained from Apple about Siri's functionality at the time the research was conducted. Re- searchers used the same metrics to measure a broader range of tasks in- cluding using social media, sending texts and updating calendars. The re- search uncovered that hands- and eyes-free use of Apple's Siri gener- ated a relatively high category 4 level of mental distraction. To put all of this year's findings in context, last year's research revealed that listening to the radio rated as a category 1 distraction; talking on a hand-held or hands-free cell phone re- suited in a category 2 distraction; and using an error-free speech-to-text sys- tem to listen to and compose emails or texts was a category 3 distraction. "Technologies used in the car that rely on voice communications may have unintended consequences that adversely affect road safety," said Peter Kissinger, President and CEO of the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. "The level of distraction and the impact on safety can vary tremendously based on the task or the system the driver is using." To assess "real-world" impact, Dr. Joel Cooper with Precision Driving Research evaluated the two most common voice-based interactions in which drivers engage - changing radio stations and voice dialing - with the actual voice-activated systems found in six different automakers' ve- hicles. On the five point scale, Toy- ota's Entune system garnered the lowest cognitive distraction ranking (at 1.7), which is similar to listening to an audio book. In comparison, the L Chevrolet MyLink resulted in a [ high level of cognitive distraction I (rating of 3.7). Other systems tested included the Hyundai Blue Link (rat | ing 2 2), the Chfysler+'0connect''| (rating 2.7), Ford SYNC with My- Ford Touch (rating 3.0) and the Mercedes COMAND (rating 3:1). "It is clear that not all voice systems are created equal, and today's imper- fect systems can lead to driver distrac- tion," continued Darbelnet. "AAA is confident that it will be possible to make safer systems in the future." This phase of the research high- lights the variability in demands across all the systems tested. AAA is calling for developers to address key contributing factors to mental distraction including com- plexity, accuracy and time on task with the goal of making systems that are no more demanding than listening to the radio or an audiobook. AAA also plans to use the findings to con- tinue a dialogue with policy makers, safety advocates and manufacturers. To view the full report, "Measuring Cognitive Distraction in the Vehicle II: Assessing In-Vehicle Voice-based In- teractive Technologies," and other ma- terials on distracted driving, visit NewsRoom.AAA.com. NORTH DAKOTA LOTTERY TICKETS AVAILABLE AT 1-STOP MARKET!! Rolette Community Care Cente Josephine Poitra, Ronnie Phillipp, Gary Mattson, Rita LaFloe, Velma Millang, Vivian,,Poitra, Robert Lafloe, Bradley Scott Herman, Emma Gunville, Rita McCormack and Albert Lagasse. Above list includes those residents who allow their names to be pub- lished. List compiled as of March 27. United Commu Co ..... Mountain mmumcatlons are Lifehne supported services. Lifeline: Is a government assistance program Is available to eligible individuals Isa nontransferablediscoul Is limited tOr one discount per household :! (! Eligible individuals on Tribal lands see website q Contact  nited Communications for further details. Langdon 701.256.5156 i Bottineau 701.Z28.11011 Rolla 701.477.1101 www.utma.com ( Finduson Facebook Yesterday. Today Tomorrow Not all services available in all areas. Some restrictions may apply. This institution is an equal opportunity provider and employer.  orthland Community Health Center "Our Family Caring For Your Family" Women's Wellness Cancer Screening Special October 27-November 7 Schedule your wellness visit today! 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